A Set of Skills Required for Academic Success
The process of acquiring skills proves to be dynamic and at the same time consistent process. Over some while, a learner notices an improvement in accuracy as well as fewer errors in any given type of activity. The performance becomes effortless. These changes can be divided into three stages, namely: cognitive, associative and autonomous.
A cognitive stage of acquiring skills
The cognitive stage is described as a range of attempts to understand the nature of the skill. At this stage, performance is characterized by numerous errors. However, it is short-lasting. Provided a learner practices regularly, he/she will succeed in making significant results towards proficiency.
On the contrary, the associative stage is rather time-consuming. As a matter of fact, one might never succeed in passing this stage. When at the stage, a learner acquires fundamentals of any given skill. Substantial practice along with experience gradually move into the automatic stage. At the autonomous stage, improvements are slow, though the performance is consistent. Here, the skill is mostly performed without thinking, and a person can pay selective attention to more complicated cognitive activities.
Major views on the concept of skill
It is necessary to mention three major approaches to analyzing the concept of skill. They are, namely: skill in the setting, skill in the job and skill in the person. Skill in the setting involves social relation as an ultimate area concern; the method of analysis used here is a comprehensive analysis of occupation and industries as well as ethnographic analysis of workplaces.
As a matter of fact, this approach of skill analysis is applied by sociologists and social historians. Work skills are the subject to the category of complexity. This approach uses the method of job analysis and job evaluation.
Categories of people who use it are management theorists, employment/industrial relations theorists along with occupational psychologists. Personal skills cover personal characterizes that are gained through the following areas, namely: qualification, education, experience, and training. Here, the method of analysis appears to be aptitude tests and questionnaire surveys. It is widely applied by psychologists and economists.
A personality factor in mastering skills
Skill in the person. In this domain, the problem of skill focuses on the qualities that are present in a person via judgment, dexterity, linguistic ability and knowledge. These skills can be acquired by undergoing educational course, training or by gaining experience. Individual skills deal with identification personal characterizes and qualities and attempts to assess them with the help of the aptitude test via experiments conditions.
Psychologists consider this approach as it is an independent variable. Taking into consideration that questionnaires are likely to be used to evaluate person’s educational background, expertise, and training, this method particularly come in handy for economists.
Skills and their relevance in the labor market
Skill in person appears to be of primary importance for the labor market since human capital plays a crucial role in determining person’s value as a professional. A person is capable in improving their human capital, which requires using educational opportunities and training. This method was justified by the human capital theory. According to its supporters, the major responsibility for accomplishments in work, here, each individual effort is supposed to be rewarded.